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ruff (n.)

kind of large collar, stiffly starched, 1520s, originally in reference to sleeves (of collars, from 1550s), probably a shortened form of ruffle. They were especially common in the seventeenth century.

The card-playing sense is a separate word, from a former game of that name (1580s), from French roffle, earlier romfle (early 15c.), from Italian ronfa, perhaps a corruption of trionfo "triumph" (from French; compare trump). The game was in vogue c. 1590-1630.

ruff (v.)

in cards, 1760, from ruff (n.). Related: Ruffed; ruffing.

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Definitions of ruff from WordNet
1
ruff (n.)
an external body part consisting of feathers or hair about the neck of a bird or other animal;
Synonyms: frill
ruff (n.)
a high tight collar;
Synonyms: choker / ruffle / neck ruff
ruff (n.)
common Eurasian sandpiper; the male has an erectile neck ruff in breeding season;
Synonyms: Philomachus pugnax
ruff (n.)
(card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit;
Synonyms: trumping
2
ruff (v.)
play a trump;
Synonyms: trump
From wordnet.princeton.edu