Etymology
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rudiment (n.)

1540s, "element or first principle of a science or art," from French rudiment (16c.) or directly from Latin rudimentum "early training, first experience, beginning, first principle," from rudis "unlearned, untrained" (see rude).

The sense of "anything in an undeveloped state" is by 1560s. Related: Rudiments.

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Definitions of rudiment

rudiment (n.)
the remains of a body part that was functional at an earlier stage of life;
Meckel's diverticulum is the rudiment of the embryonic yolk sac
From wordnet.princeton.edu