row (n.1)

"series of people or things in a more or less straight line," Middle English reue, from late Old English reawe, rewe, earlier ræw "a row, line; succession, hedge-row," probably from Proto-Germanic *rai(h)waz (source also of Middle Dutch rie, Dutch rij "row;" Old High German rihan "to thread," riga "line;" German Reihe "row, line, series;" Old Norse rega "string"), which is possibly from PIE root *rei- "to scratch, tear, cut" (source also of Sanskrit rikhati "scratches," rekha "line").

The meaning "a number of houses in a line" is attested from mid-14c., according to OED chiefly Scottish and northern English. The meaning "line of seats in a theater" is by 1710. The meaning "line of plants in a field or garden" is by 1733, hence the figurative phrase hard row to hoe attested from 1823, American English.

row (v.)

"propel (a vessel) with oars or paddles," Middle English rouen (mid-14c.), from Old English rowan (intrans.) "go by water, row" (class VII strong verb; past tense reow, past participle rowen), from Proto-Germanic *ro- (source also of Old Norse roa, Dutch roeien, West Frisian roeije, Middle High German rüejen), from PIE root *ere- "to row." The figurative phrase row against the flood "attempt what is difficult" is from mid-12c. The muscle-building rowing-machine is attested by 1848.

row (n.2)

"noisy commotion," 1746, Cambridge student slang, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to rousel "drinking bout" (c. 1600), a shortened form of carousal. Klein suggests a back-formation from rouse (n.), mistaken as a plural (compare pea from pease).

updated on January 08, 2022

Definitions of row from WordNet
row (n.)
an arrangement of objects or people side by side in a line;
a row of chairs
row (n.)
an angry dispute;
Synonyms: quarrel / wrangle / words / run-in / dustup
row (n.)
a long continuous strip (usually running horizontally);
rows of barbed wire protected the trenches
a mackerel sky filled with rows of clouds
row (n.)
(construction) a layer of masonry;
Synonyms: course
row (n.)
a linear array of numbers, letters, or symbols side by side;
row (n.)
a continuous chronological succession without an interruption;
they won the championship three years in a row
row (n.)
the act of rowing as a sport;
Synonyms: rowing
row (v.)
propel with oars;
row the boat across the lake
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.