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round (adj., adv.)

c. 1300 (early 13c. as a surname), "spherical in shape; circular in outline," of persons or animals, "well-fed;" from Anglo-French rounde, Old French roont (12c., Modern French rond), probably originally *redond, from Vulgar Latin *retundus (source also of Provençal redon, Spanish redondo, Old Italian ritondo), from Latin rotundus "like a wheel, circular, round," related to rota "wheel" (see rotary). The French word is the source of Middle Dutch ront (Dutch rond), Middle High German runt (German rund) and similar words in the Germanic languages. 

As an adverb from c. 1300. As a preposition from c. 1600, "so as to make a complete circuit" (as in round the world); 1715 as "throughout, all through" (as in round the clock); by 1743 as "so as to make a turn or partial circuit about" (as in round the corner). In many cases it is a shortened form of around (adv.).

Of numbers from mid-14c., "entire, full, complete, brought to completion," with the notion of symmetry extended to that of completeness. Round number for one only approximately correct, usually expressed in 10s, 100s, etc., is by 1640s. Compare round (v.). Round trip "an outward and return journey" is by 1844, originally of railways. A round-dance (1520s) is one in which the dancers move in a circle or ring. Round heels attested from 1926, in reference to incompetent boxers, 1927 in reference to loose women, implying in either case a tendency to end up flat on one's back.

round (n.)

early 14c., "a spherical body; that which has roundness," from round (adj.) and Anglo-French rount and Old French reont, roond. Compare Dutch rond, Danish and Swedish rund, German runde, all nouns from adjectives.

The sense of "dance in which performers move in a circle or ring" is by 1510s. The meaning "large round piece of beef" is recorded from 1650s. The sense of "circuit performed by a sentinel" is from 1590s; hence to go or make one's rounds "pay regular visits" (1680s). The meaning "recurring course of time" is from 1710. Meaning "song sung by two or more, beginning at different times" is from 1520s. Golfing sense attested from 1775; card-playing sense by 1735. Of applause from 1794.

Meaning "quantity of liquor served to a company at one time" is from 1630s; that of "single bout in a fight or boxing match" is from 1812; "single discharge of a firearm" is from 1725. Sense of "recurring session of meetings or negotiations" is from 1964. Theatrical sense (in phrase in the round) in reference to a stage surrounded by the audience is recorded from 1944.  To make the rounds "be passed along by a whole set of persons" is by 1967; the earlier form was go the round (1660s).

round (v.)

late 14c., rounden, "to make round, give roundness to," from round (adj.). Sense of "make a circuit round" is from 1590s. Sense of "bring to completeness" is from c. 1600; meaning "to approximate (a number)" is from 1934; with up or down, "to increase (or decrease) a number by adding to its last digit," by 1956. Meaning "turn round and face, turn on and assault" is from 1882. Related: Rounded; rounding.

Sense of "go past or get round" is by 1743. To round out "fill up" is by 1856. To round off is from 1680s as "make round, finish with a curved or rounded form;" by 1748 as "finish appropriately and neatly." Also compare roundup.

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Definitions of round from WordNet
1
round (n.)
a charge of ammunition for a single shot;
Synonyms: unit of ammunition / one shot
round (n.)
an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs;
Synonyms: cycle / rhythm
round (n.)
a regular route for a sentry or policeman;
Synonyms: beat
round (n.)
(often plural) a series of professional calls (usually in a set order);
the doctor goes on his rounds first thing every morning
we enjoyed our round of the local bars
the postman's rounds
round (n.)
the activity of playing 18 holes of golf;
a round of golf takes about 4 hours
Synonyms: round of golf
round (n.)
the usual activities in your day;
the doctor made his rounds
Synonyms: daily round
round (n.)
(sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive;
Synonyms: turn / bout
round (n.)
the course along which communications spread;
the story is going the rounds in Washington
round (n.)
a serving to each of a group (usually alcoholic);
he ordered a second round
Synonyms: round of drinks
round (n.)
a cut of beef between the rump and the lower leg;
round (n.)
a partsong in which voices follow each other; one voice starts and others join in one after another until all are singing different parts of the song at the same time;
they enjoyed singing rounds
Synonyms: troll
round (n.)
an outburst of applause;
there was a round of applause
round (n.)
a crosspiece between the legs of a chair;
Synonyms: rung / stave
round (n.)
any circular or rotating mechanism;
Synonyms: circle
2
round (v.)
wind around; move along a circular course;
round the bend
round (v.)
make round;
round the edges
Synonyms: round out / round off
round (v.)
pronounce with rounded lips;
Synonyms: labialize / labialise
round (v.)
attack in speech or writing;
Synonyms: attack / assail / lash out / snipe / assault
round (v.)
bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state;
Synonyms: polish / round off / polish up / brush up
round (v.)
express as a round number;
round off the amount
Synonyms: round off / round down / round out
round (v.)
become round, plump, or shapely;
Synonyms: flesh out / fill out
3
round (adj.)
having the shape or form of a circle;
Synonyms: circular
round (adj.)
(of sounds) full and rich;
Synonyms: orotund / rotund / pear-shaped
round (adj.)
(mathematics) expressed to the nearest integer, ten, hundred, or thousand;
in round numbers
4
round (adv.)
from beginning to end; throughout;
It rains all year round on Skye
Synonyms: around
From wordnet.princeton.edu