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romanticism (n.)

1803, "a romantic idea," from romantic + -ism. In literature, 1823, in a French context, in reference to a movement toward medieval forms (especially in reaction to classical ones), an association now more often confined to Romanesque. The movement began in German and spread to England and France. Generalized sense of "a tendency toward romantic ideas" is recorded by 1840.

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Definitions of romanticism from WordNet
1
romanticism (n.)
impractical romantic ideals and attitudes;
romanticism (n.)
an exciting and mysterious quality (as of a heroic time or adventure);
Synonyms: romance
2
Romanticism (n.)
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization;
Synonyms: Romantic Movement
From wordnet.princeton.edu