Etymology
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Words related to rock

rocking (adj.)

"moving back and forth or to and fro," late 14c., rokking, present-participle adjective from rock (v.1). Of music, from 1949 (see rock (v.2)). Rocking-horse "wooden horse mounted on rockers for children" is recorded from 1724; rocking-chair "chair mounted on rockers" is from 1766.

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rock and roll (n.)
also rock 'n' roll, 1954 in reference to a specific style of popular music, from rock (v.2) + roll (v.). The verbal phrase had been an African-American vernacular euphemism for "sexual intercourse," used in popular dance music lyrics and song titles at least since the 1930s.
rockabilly (n.)

type of popular music blending elements of rock 'n' roll and hillbilly music, 1956, from rock (n.2) in the music sense + second element abstracted from hillbilly music. One of the first uses is in a Billboard magazine item about Johnny Burnette's "Lonesome Train."

bedrock (n.)
also bed-rock, in geology, "solid rock lying under soil or gravel," 1850, from bed (n.) + rock (n.). Figurative use by 1869; as an adjective by 1881.
rock-bottom (adj.)

"lowest possible," 1884, from the noun phrase meaning "bedrock" (1815), also figurative, from rock (n.1) + bottom (n.).

rock-candy (n.)

"hard confection made of pure sugar in crystals of considerable size," 1723, from rock (n.1) + candy (n.).

rock-face (n.)

"vertical expanse of natural rock," 1847, from rock (n.1) + face (n.).

rock-garden (n.)

"garden consisting of rocks and rock-plants," 1819, from rock (n.1) + garden (n.).

rock-hound (n.)

1921, from rock (n.1) + hound (n.). Used of geologists in roughneck slang, also used colloquially of amateur collectors.

rockpile (n.)

also rock-pile, "heap of stones," originally and especially one in a prison yard that convicts are tasked with breaking into smaller stones, 1888, from rock (n.1) + pile (n.1).