Etymology
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rise (v.)

Middle English risen, from Old English risan "to rise from sleep, get out of bed; stand up, rise to one's feet; get up from table; rise together; be fit, be proper" (typically gerisan, arisan; a class I strong verb; past tense ras, past participle risen), from Proto-Germanic *us-rīsanan "to go up" (source also of Old Norse risa, Old Saxon risan, Old Frisian risa, "to rise; arise, happen," Gothic urreisan "to rise," Old High German risan "to rise, flow," German reisen "to travel," originally "to rise for a journey"). OED writes, "No related terms have been traced outside of Teutonic"; Boutkan suggests an origin in a lost European substrate language.

From late 12c. as "to rise from the dead," also "rebel, revolt, stand up in opposition." It is attested from c. 1200 in the senses of "move from a lower to a higher position, move upward; increase in number or amount; rise in fortune, prosper; become prominent;" also, of heavenly bodies, "appear above the horizon." To rise and shine "get up, get out of bed" is by 1916 (earlier it was a religious expression). Of seas, rivers, etc., "increase in height," c. 1300.

The meaning "come into existence, originate; result (from)" is by mid-13c. From early 14c. as "occur, happen, come to pass; take place." From 1540s of sound, "ascend in pitch." Also from 1540s of dough. It seems not to have been used of heat or temperature in Middle English; that sense may have developed from the use of the verb in reference to the behavior of fluid in a thermometer or barometer (1650s). Related to raise (v.). Related: Rose; risen.

rise (n.)

c. 1400, "a rebellion, a rising up in opposition;" mid-15c., "place elevated above the common level, piece of rising land;" from rise (v.). General sense of "upward movement" is by 1570s; more specific sense of "vertical height of an object or surface, elevation, degree of ascent" is from 1660s.

Of heavenly bodies, "appearance above the horizon," by 1590s. The meaning "spring, source, origin, beginning" is from 1620s. As "an advance in wages or salary" by 1836 (compare raise (n.)).

The phrase on the rise originally meant "becoming more valuable" (1808). The sense in give rise to "to occasion, cause, bring about" (1705) is the otherwise obsolete meaning "an occasion, a ground or basis" (1640s), which OED writes was "Common c 1650-90." The phrase get a rise out of(someone), by 1829, seems to be a metaphor from angling (1650s) in reference to the action of a fish in coming to the surface to take the bait.

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Definitions of rise
1
rise (v.)
move upward;
Synonyms: lift / arise / move up / go up / come up / uprise
rise (v.)
increase in value or to a higher point;
the value of our house rose sharply last year
Synonyms: go up / climb
rise (v.)
rise to one's feet;
Synonyms: arise / uprise / get up / stand up
rise (v.)
rise up;
The building rose before them
Synonyms: lift / rear
rise (v.)
come to the surface;
Synonyms: surface / come up / rise up
rise (v.)
come into existence; take on form or shape;
Synonyms: originate / arise / develop / uprise / spring up / grow
rise (v.)
move to a better position in life or to a better job;
Synonyms: ascend / move up
rise (v.)
go up or advance;
Synonyms: wax / mount / climb
rise (v.)
become more extreme;
Synonyms: heighten
rise (v.)
get up and out of bed;
They rose early
Synonyms: get up / turn out / arise / uprise
rise (v.)
rise in rank or status;
Synonyms: jump / climb up
rise (v.)
become heartened or elated;
Her spirits rose when she heard the good news
rise (v.)
exert oneself to meet a challenge;
rise to the occasion
rise to a challenge
rise (v.)
take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance;
Synonyms: rebel / arise / rise up
rise (v.)
increase in volume;
the dough rose slowly in the warm room
Synonyms: prove
rise (v.)
come up, of celestial bodies;
The sun also rises
Synonyms: come up / uprise / ascend
rise (v.)
return from the dead;
Christ is risen!
Synonyms: resurrect / uprise
2
rise (n.)
a growth in strength or number or importance;
rise (n.)
the act of changing location in an upward direction;
Synonyms: ascent / ascension / ascending
rise (n.)
an upward slope or grade (as in a road);
the car couldn't make it up the rise
Synonyms: ascent / acclivity / raise / climb / upgrade
rise (n.)
a movement upward;
they cheered the rise of the hot-air balloon
Synonyms: rising / ascent / ascension
rise (n.)
the amount a salary is increased;
Synonyms: raise / wage hike / hike / wage increase / salary increase
rise (n.)
the property possessed by a slope or surface that rises;
Synonyms: upgrade / rising slope
rise (n.)
a wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground;
Synonyms: lift
rise (n.)
(theology) the origination of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost;
Synonyms: emanation / procession
rise (n.)
an increase in cost;
they asked for a 10% rise in rates
Synonyms: boost / hike / cost increase
rise (n.)
increase in price or value;
Synonyms: advance
From wordnet.princeton.edu