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Rig veda

1776, from Sanskrit rigveda, from rg- "praise, hymn, spoken stanza," literally "brightness," from PIE *erkw- "to radiate, beam; praise" + veda "knowledge," from PIE *weid-o-, from root *weid- "to see." A thousand hymns, orally transmitted, probably dating from before 1000 B.C.E. Related: Rig-vedic.