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ridge (n.)

Middle English rigge, from Old English hrycg "back of a man or beast," probably reinforced by Old Norse hryggr "back, ridge," from Proto-Germanic *hruggin (source also of Old Frisian hregg, Old Saxon hruggi, Dutch rug, Old High German hrukki, German Rücken "the back"). OED says "of uncertain relationship;" Pokorny, Boutkan, and Watkins have it from PIE *kreuk-, extended form of root *sker- (2) "to turn, bend."

The original "back" sense, predominant in Middle English, seems to have become archaic 17c. Also in Old English, "the top or crest of anything," especially when long and narrow, based on resemblance to the projecting part of the back of a quadruped, the "ridge" of the backbone. Probably also in late Old English "a long elevation of land, a long, narrow range of hills," implied in place-names. From late 14c. of the highest part of the roof of a building, also the strip of ground thrown up between two plowed furrows. The spelling with -dg- is from late 15c.

Ridge-runner, somewhat derisive term for "Southern Appalachian person, hillbilly," especially an upland white farmer of the Ozarks region, is recorded by 1917 (it later came into use in other regions). Also "person who wanders from place to place," often with a suggestion of illicit intent (1930).

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Definitions of ridge from WordNet
1
ridge (n.)
a long narrow natural elevation or striation;
ridge (n.)
any long raised strip;
ridge (n.)
a long narrow natural elevation on the floor of the ocean;
ridge (n.)
a long narrow range of hills;
Synonyms: ridgeline
ridge (n.)
any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane;
ridge (n.)
a beam laid along the edge where two sloping sides of a roof meet at the top; provides an attachment for the upper ends of rafters;
Synonyms: ridgepole / rooftree
2
ridge (v.)
extend in ridges;
The land ridges towards the South
ridge (v.)
plough alternate strips by throwing the furrow onto an unploughed strip;
ridge (v.)
throw soil toward (a crop row) from both sides;
He ridged his corn
ridge (v.)
spade into alternate ridges and troughs;
ridge the soil
ridge (v.)
form into a ridge;
From wordnet.princeton.edu