Etymology
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ribose (n.)

1892, from German Ribose (1891), from Ribonsäure, a tetrahydroxy acid, with first element shortened and arbitrarily rearranged from English arabinose (c. 1880), a sugar which is so called because it is formed from gum arabic.

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Definitions of ribose

ribose (n.)
a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid;
From wordnet.princeton.edu