Advertisement

rheumatism (n.)

1680s as a name applied to various similar diseases causing inflammation and pain in the joints, from Late Latin rheumatismus, from Greek rheumatismos, from rheumatizein "suffer from the flux," from rheuma "a discharge from the body" (see rheum). "The meaning of a disease of the joints is first recorded in 1688, because rheumatism was thought to be caused by an excessive flow of rheum into a joint thereby stretching ligaments" [Barnhart].

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of rheumatism from WordNet

rheumatism (n.)
any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues;
rheumatism (n.)
a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint;
Synonyms: rheumatoid arthritis / atrophic arthritis
From wordnet.princeton.edu