1550s, from Middle French révolte (c. 1500), back formation from revolter (see revolt (v.)), or else from Italian rivolta.
1540s, from Middle French revolter (15c.), from Italian rivoltare "to overthrow, overturn," from Vulgar Latin *revolvitare "to overturn, overthrow," frequentative of Latin revolvere (past participle revolutus) "turn, roll back" (see revolve). Related: Revolted; revolting.
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