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review (n.)

mid-15c., review, revewe, "an inspection of military forces," from Old French reveue "a reviewing, review," noun use of fem. past participle of reveeir "to see again, go to see again," from Latin revidere, from re- "again" (see re-) + videre "to see" (from PIE root *weid- "to see"). Sense of "process of going over again" is from 1560s; that of "a view of the past, a retrospective survey" is from c. 1600. Meaning "general examination or criticism of a recent work" is first attested 1640s.

review (v.)

1570s, "examine again," from re- + view (v.). Meaning "look back on" is from 1751; that of "consider or discuss critically" is from 1781. Related: Reviewed; reviewing.

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Definitions of review from WordNet
1
review (n.)
a new appraisal or evaluation;
review (n.)
an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play);
Synonyms: critique / critical review / review article
review (n.)
a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment;
Synonyms: follow-up / followup / reexamination
review (n.)
(accounting) a service (less exhaustive than an audit) that provides some assurance to interested parties as to the reliability of financial data;
Synonyms: limited review
review (n.)
a variety show with topical sketches and songs and dancing and comedians;
Synonyms: revue
review (n.)
a periodical that publishes critical essays on current affairs or literature or art;
review (n.)
a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion;
Synonyms: recapitulation / recap
review (n.)
(law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court);
review (n.)
practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory;
Synonyms: brushup
review (n.)
a formal or official examination;
the platoon stood ready for review
Synonyms: inspection
2
review (v.)
look at again; examine again;
let's review your situation
Synonyms: reexamine
review (v.)
appraise critically;
She reviews books for the New York Times
Synonyms: critique
review (v.)
hold a review (of troops);
Synonyms: go over / survey
review (v.)
refresh one's memory;
I reviewed the material before the test
Synonyms: brush up / refresh
review (v.)
look back upon (a period of time, sequence of events); remember;
she reviewed her achievements with pride
Synonyms: look back / retrospect
From wordnet.princeton.edu