Etymology
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review (n.)

mid-15c., review, revewe, reveue, "a formal inspection of military forces" by a higher official or superior in rank, to judge the effectiveness of their training, from Old French reveue "a reviewing, review" (Modern French revue), noun use of fem. past participle of reveeir "to see again, go to see again," from Latin revidere, from re- "again" (see re-) + videre "to see" (from PIE root *weid- "to see").

The sense of "act or process of going over again," especially with a view to correction, is from 1560s. The meaning "general survey of a subject" is from c. 1600; that of "a view of the past, a retrospective survey" is from 1670s. The meaning "general examination or criticism of a recent literary, dramatic, or artistic work" is attested from 1640s. Hence review used as a name for a periodical which publishes mainly articles on current affairs or critical examinations of literary works (1705).

review (v.)

1570s, "re-view, examine or view again," from re- "again" + view (v.). The meaning "look back on, recall by the aid of memory" is from 1751; that of "consider or discuss critically to bring out the excellences and defects" especially in the form of a written essay is from 1781. Related: Reviewed; reviewing.

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Definitions of review
1
review (n.)
a new appraisal or evaluation;
review (n.)
an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play);
Synonyms: critique / critical review / review article
review (n.)
a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment;
Synonyms: follow-up / followup / reexamination
review (n.)
(accounting) a service (less exhaustive than an audit) that provides some assurance to interested parties as to the reliability of financial data;
Synonyms: limited review
review (n.)
a variety show with topical sketches and songs and dancing and comedians;
Synonyms: revue
review (n.)
a periodical that publishes critical essays on current affairs or literature or art;
review (n.)
a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion;
Synonyms: recapitulation / recap
review (n.)
(law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court);
review (n.)
practice intended to polish performance or refresh the memory;
Synonyms: brushup
review (n.)
a formal or official examination;
the platoon stood ready for review
Synonyms: inspection
2
review (v.)
look at again; examine again;
let's review your situation
Synonyms: reexamine
review (v.)
appraise critically;
She reviews books for the New York Times
Synonyms: critique
review (v.)
hold a review (of troops);
Synonyms: go over / survey
review (v.)
refresh one's memory;
I reviewed the material before the test
Synonyms: brush up / refresh
review (v.)
look back upon (a period of time, sequence of events); remember;
she reviewed her achievements with pride
Synonyms: look back / retrospect
From wordnet.princeton.edu