early 15c., resulten, "occur as a result, arise as a consequence of facts, arguments, etc.," from Latin resultare "to spring forward, rebound" (in Medieval Latin "to result"), a frequentative from the past participle of resilire "to rebound" (see resilience). The etymological sense is rare in English, mostly in poetry, now obsolete. Related: Resulted; resulting.
1620s, "action of leaping or springing back" (a sense now obsolete); 1640s, "outcome, effect, consequence;" 1650s, "decision, outcome of an action or process;" from result (v.). Related: Results "favorable or desirable consequences" (by 1922). Mathematical sense of "quantity or value ascertained by a calculation" is by 1771.