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restrain (v.)

mid-14c., restreinen, "to stop, prevent, curb" (a vice, purpose, appetite, desire), from stem of Old French restraindre, restreindre "to press, push together; curb, bridle; bandage" (12c.), from Latin restringere "draw back tightly, tie back; confine, check" (see restriction).

From late 14c. as "keep (someone or something) from a course of action," hence "keep in check or under control, deprive (someone) of liberty by restraint" (1520s). Related: Restrained; restraining; restrainer; restrainable.

That which we restrain we keep within limits; that which we restrict we keep within certain definite limits; that which we repress we try to put out of existence. [Century Dictionary, 1902]

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Definitions of restrain from WordNet

restrain (v.)
to close within bounds, or otherwise limit or deprive of free movement;
Synonyms: confine / hold / constrain
restrain (v.)
restrict (someone or something) so as to make free movement difficult;
Synonyms: encumber / cumber
restrain (v.)
prevent (someone or something) from doing something;
security guards restrained the reporter from throwing another shoe
restrain (v.)
prevent the action or expression of;
she struggled to restrain her impatience at the delays
Synonyms: keep / keep back / hold back
From wordnet.princeton.edu