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restoration (n.)

late 14c., restoracioun, "a means of healing or restoring health, a cure; renewing of something lost," from Old French restoration (Modern French restauration) and directly from Late Latin restorationem (nominative restoratio) "a restoration, renewal," noun of action from past-participle stem of Latin restaurare (see restore).

Also used in Middle English were restorement (14c.), restoring (mid-14c.). From mid-15c. as "the repairing of a damaged or deteriorated building;" from c. 1500 as "a restoring to a former state."

The Restoration (1718) refers to the re-establishment of the monarchy under Charles II in 1660 (and by extension his whole reign); as an adjective in reference to the English theater of this period, by 1898. In French history, it refers to the (briefly interrupted) reinstatement of the Bourbons in 1814.

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Definitions of restoration from WordNet
1
restoration (n.)
the act of restoring something or someone to a satisfactory state;
restoration (n.)
getting something back again;
Synonyms: restitution / return / regaining
restoration (n.)
the state of being restored to its former good condition;
Synonyms: renovation / refurbishment
restoration (n.)
some artifact that has been restored or reconstructed;
the restoration looked exactly like the original
restoration (n.)
a model that represents the landscape of a former geological age or that represents and extinct animal etc.;
2
Restoration (n.)
the reign of Charles II in England; 1660-1685;
Restoration (n.)
the re-establishment of the British monarchy in 1660;
From wordnet.princeton.edu