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respondent (n.)

"one who answers" in a lawsuit, disputation, survey, etc., 1520s, from Latin respondentem (nominative respondens), present participle of respondere "respond, answer to, promise in return," from re- "back" (see re-) + spondere "to pledge" (see sponsor (n.)). Related: Respondence "correspondence, act of responding."

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Definitions of respondent from WordNet
1
respondent (n.)
the codefendant (especially in a divorce proceeding) who is accused of adultery with the corespondent;
respondent (n.)
someone who responds;
Synonyms: responder / answerer
2
respondent (adj.)
replying;
Synonyms: answering
From wordnet.princeton.edu