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resistance (n.)

mid-14c., from Old French resistance, earlier resistence, from Late Latin resistentia, from present participle stem of Latin resistere "make a stand against, oppose" (see resist). Meaning "organized covert opposition to an occupying or ruling power" [OED] is from 1939. Electromagnetic sense is from 1860. Path of least resistance is from 1825, originally a term in science and engineering.

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Definitions of resistance from WordNet

resistance (n.)
the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with;
he encountered a general feeling of resistance from many citizens
Synonyms: opposition
resistance (n.)
any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion;
resistance (n.)
a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms;
Synonyms: electric resistance / electrical resistance / impedance / resistivity / ohmic resistance
resistance (n.)
the military action of resisting the enemy's advance;
the enemy offered little resistance
resistance (n.)
(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease;
Synonyms: immunity
resistance (n.)
the capacity of an organism to defend itself against harmful environmental agents;
these trees are widely planted because of their resistance to salt and smog
resistance (n.)
a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force;
Synonyms: underground
resistance (n.)
the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria);
resistance (n.)
(psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness;
resistance (n.)
an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current;
Synonyms: resistor
resistance (n.)
group action in opposition to those in power;
From wordnet.princeton.edu