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residence (n.)

late 14c., "act of dwelling in a place; one's dwelling place," from Old French residence, from Medieval Latin residentia (source also of Spanish residencia, Italian residenza), from Latin residentem (nominative residens) "residing, dwelling," present participle of residere "to settle, linger, sit down" (see reside).

Meaning "fact of having one's usual abode in a particular place" is from late 15c. The sense of "a staying in some place for the discharge of special duties or one's occupation" is also from late 14c., originally ecclesiastical, extended 19c. to professors, artists, poets, etc. The expression _____-in-residence is attested by 1954. Also borrowed into German (Residenz), Dutch (residentie).

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Definitions of residence

residence (n.)
any address at which you dwell more than temporarily;
a person can have several residences
Synonyms: abode
residence (n.)
the official house or establishment of an important person (as a sovereign or president);
he refused to live in the governor's residence
residence (n.)
the act of dwelling in a place;
Synonyms: residency / abidance
residence (n.)
a large and imposing house;
Synonyms: mansion / mansion house / manse / hall
From wordnet.princeton.edu