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reserve (v.)

mid-14c., "keep back or in store for future use;" late 14c., "keep as one's own," from Old French reserver "set aside, withhold" (12c.) and directly from Latin reservare "keep back, save up; retain, preserve," from re- "back" (see re-) + servare "to keep, save, preserve, protect" (from PIE root *ser- (1) "to protect"). Meaning "to book" is from 1935. Related: Reserved; reserving.

reserve (n.)

1610s, "something stored up," from reserve (v.) or from French réserve, a back-formation from reserver "set aside, withhold," from Latin reservare "keep back, save up; retain, preserve," from re- "back" (see re-) + servare "to keep, save, preserve, protect" (from PIE root *ser- (1) "to protect").

Meaning "self-imposed restraint on freedom of words or actions; habit of keeping back the feelings" is from 1650s. The meaning "district or place set apart for some particular use" is by 1805. The sense of "amount of capital kept on hand to meet probable expenses or demand" is by 1866. That of "amount of natural resources known to exist in a particular region" is by 1912. As an adjective, "kept in reserve," by 1719.

The military sense of "body of troops withheld from action to serve as reinforcements, etc." is from 1640s; that of "national emergency defense or auxiliary military force" (reserves) is by 1866.

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Definitions of reserve from WordNet
1
reserve (n.)
formality and propriety of manner;
Synonyms: modesty
reserve (n.)
something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose;
Synonyms: backlog / stockpile
reserve (n.)
an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced;
Synonyms: substitute / second-stringer
reserve (n.)
(medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions;
reserve (n.)
a district that is reserved for particular purpose;
Synonyms: reservation
reserve (n.)
armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency;
Synonyms: military reserve
reserve (n.)
the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary;
Synonyms: reticence / taciturnity
2
reserve (v.)
hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency;
reserve (v.)
give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause;
Synonyms: allow / appropriate / earmark / set aside
reserve (v.)
obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance;
We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's
reserve (v.)
arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance;
reserve me a seat on a flight
Synonyms: hold / book
From wordnet.princeton.edu