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reputation (n.)

mid-14c., reputacioun, "credit, good reputation, esteem;" late 14c. in the general sense of "opinion, estimation," good or bad; from Old French reputation, reputacion, and directly from Latin reputationem (nominative reputatio) "a reckoning, consideration, a thinking over," noun of action from past-participle stem of reputare "reflect upon, reckon, count over."

This is from re-, here perhaps "repeatedly" (see re-), + putare "to judge, suppose, believe, suspect," originally "to clean, trim, prune" (from PIE root *pau- (2) "to cut, strike, stamp").

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Definitions of reputation from WordNet

reputation (n.)
the state of being held in high esteem and honor;
Synonyms: repute
reputation (n.)
notoriety for some particular characteristic;
his reputation for promiscuity
reputation (n.)
the general estimation that the public has for a person;
he acquired a reputation as an actor before he started writing
Synonyms: report
From wordnet.princeton.edu