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replication (n.)

late 14c., replicacioun, "an answer, a verbal response;" also, specifically in law, "a rejoinder, legal reply" (third step in the pleadings in a common-law action), from Anglo-French replicacioun, Old French replicacion "reply, answer," from Latin replicationem (nominative replicatio) "a reply, repetition, a folding back," noun of action from past-participle stem of replicare "to repeat, reply.

This is etymologically "to fold back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plicare "to fold" (from PIE root *plek- "to plait"). The meaning "a copy, reproduction" is recorded by 1690s. The sense of "process by which genetic material copies itself" is from 1948.

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Definitions of replication from WordNet

replication (n.)
the act of making copies;
Synonyms: reproduction
replication (n.)
(genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division;
replication (n.)
a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one);
replication (n.)
(law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer;
replication (n.)
the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves;
Synonyms: echo / reverberation / sound reflection
replication (n.)
copy that is not the original; something that has been copied;
Synonyms: replica / reproduction
replication (n.)
the repetition of an experiment in order to test the validity of its conclusion;
scientists will not believe an experimental result until they have seen at least one replication
From wordnet.princeton.edu