render (v.)

late 14c., rendren, rendre, "repeat, say again, recite; translate," from Old French rendre "give back, present, yield" (10c.) and Medieval Latin rendere, from Vulgar Latin *rendere, a variant of Latin reddere "give back, return, restore," from red- "back" (see re-) + combining form of dare "to give" (from PIE root *do- "to give").

The alteration in Vulgar Latin was perhaps simply nasalization or perhaps on analogy of its antonym, prendre "to take" (itself a contraction of prehendere). The irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render "a payment of rent," which is in part from French noun use of the infinitive.

The sense of "reduce," in reference to fats, "clarify by boiling or steaming" also is from late 14c. The meaning "hand over, yield up, deliver" is recorded from c. 1400; sense of "to return" (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c., as is that of "make or cause to be) in a certain state; the meaning "represent, depict" is attested from 1590s. Related: Rendered; renderer; rendering. Also compare rendition, rent (n.1).

render (n.1)

"one who tears by violence," 1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).

render (n.2)

late 14c., rendre, a legal term, "act of yielding, giving, or restoring; a return, a payment," especially of rent; see render (v.). Probably at least in part from French noun use of the infinitive.

updated on June 30, 2021

Definitions of render from WordNet
render (v.)
cause to become;
The shot rendered her immobile
render (v.)
give something useful or necessary to;
Synonyms: supply / provide / furnish
render (v.)
give an interpretation or rendition of;
The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully
Synonyms: interpret
render (v.)
give or supply;
The estate renders some revenue for the family
Synonyms: yield / return / give / generate
render (v.)
pass down;
render a verdict
Synonyms: deliver / return
render (v.)
make over as a return;
They had to render the estate
Synonyms: submit
render (v.)
give back;
render money
Synonyms: return
render (v.)
to surrender someone or something to another;
render the town to the enemy
render up the prisoners
Synonyms: hand over / fork over / fork out / fork up / turn in / deliver
render (v.)
show in, or as in, a picture;
the face of the child is rendered with much tenderness in this painting
Synonyms: picture / depict / show
render (v.)
coat with plastic or cement;
render the brick walls in the den
render (v.)
render thanks
Synonyms: give
render (v.)
restate (words) from one language into another language;
She rendered the French poem into English
Synonyms: translate / interpret
render (v.)
melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities;
render fat in a casserole
Synonyms: try
render (n.)
a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls;
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.