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remove (v.)

early 14c., remouven, remuvien, remēven, "take (something) away; dismiss" from an office, post or situation; from Old French removoir "move, stir; leave, depart; take away," from Latin removere "move back or away, take away, put out of view, subtract," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + movere "to move" (from PIE root *meue- "to push away").

Sense of "go away, leave, depart, move" from a position occupied is from late 14c.; the intransitive sense of "change (one's) place, move from one place to another" also is from 14c. Related: Removed; removing.

remove (n.)

1550s, "act of removing" (a person, from office, etc.); 1580s, "change of place;" from remove (v.). Sense of "distance or space by which any thing is removed from another" is attested from 1620s.

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Definitions of remove from WordNet
1
remove (v.)
remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract;
remove a threat
remove a wrapper
Synonyms: take / take away / withdraw
remove (v.)
remove from a position or an office;
remove (v.)
dispose of;
Synonyms: get rid of
remove (v.)
cause to leave;
Synonyms: take out / move out
remove (v.)
shift the position or location of, as for business, legal, educational, or military purposes;
He removed his children to the countryside
remove a case to another court
Synonyms: transfer
remove (v.)
go away or leave;
Synonyms: absent
remove (v.)
kill intentionally and with premeditation;
Synonyms: murder / slay / hit / dispatch / bump off / off / polish off
remove (v.)
get rid of something abstract;
The death of her mother removed the last obstacle to their marriage
Synonyms: take away
2
remove (n.)
degree of figurative distance or separation;
just one remove from madness
it imitates at many removes a Shakespearean tragedy
From wordnet.princeton.edu