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regular (adj.)

c. 1400, reguler, "belonging to or subject to a religious or monastic rule," from Old French reguler "ecclesiastical" (Modern French régulier) and directly from Late Latin regularis "containing rules for guidance," from Latin regula "rule, straight piece of wood" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line"). The classical -a- was restored 16c.

In earliest use, the opposite of secular. Extended from late 16c. to shapes, verbs, etc., that followed predictable, proper, or uniform patterns. From 1590s as "marked or distinguished by steadiness or uniformity in action or practice;" hence, of persons, "pursuing a definite course, observing a universal principle in action or conduct" (c. 1600).

The sense of "normal, conformed or conforming to established customs" is from 1630s. The meaning "orderly, well-behaved" is from 1705. By 1756 as "recurring at repeated or fixed times," especially at short, uniform intervals. The military sense of "properly and permanently organized, constituting part of a standing army" is by 1706. The colloquial meaning "real, genuine, thorough" is from 1821.

Old English borrowed Latin regula and nativized it as regol "rule, regulation, canon, law, standard, pattern;" hence regolsticca "ruler" (instrument); regollic (adj.) "canonical, regular."

regular (n.)

c. 1400, reguler, "member of a religious order bound by vows," from regular (adj.) and from Medieval Latin regularis "member of a religious or monastic order." Sense of "soldier of a standing army" is from 1756. Meaning "regular customer" is by 1852; meaning "leaded gasoline" is by 1978; regular (adj.) in the sense of "unleaded" is by 1974.

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Definitions of regular from WordNet
1
regular (adj.)
often used as intensifiers;
a regular morass of details
a regular nincompoop
Synonyms: veritable
regular (adj.)
in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle;
regular duties
his regular calls on his customers
regular meals
regular (adj.)
conforming to a standard or pattern;
following the regular procedure of the legislature
a regular electrical outlet
regular (adj.)
regularly scheduled for fixed times;
regular bus departures
at a regular meeting of the PTA
regular (adj.)
in accord with regular practice or procedure;
took his regular morning walk
her regular bedtime
regular (adj.)
occurring at fixed intervals;
a regular beat
Synonyms: even
regular (adj.)
relating to a person who does something regularly;
a regular customer
Synonyms: steady
regular (adj.)
(used of the military) belonging to or engaged in by legitimate army forces;
the regular army
regular (adj.)
(of solids) having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume can be determined with a suitable geometric formula;
regular (adj.)
not constipated;
Synonyms: unconstipated
regular (adj.)
symmetrically arranged;
regular features
a regular polygon
Synonyms: even
regular (adj.)
not deviating from what is normal;
her regular bedtime
2
regular (n.)
a regular patron;
Synonyms: habitue / fixture
regular (n.)
a soldier in the regular army;
regular (n.)
a dependable follower (especially in party politics);
he is one of the party regulars
regular (n.)
a garment size for persons of average height and weight;
From wordnet.princeton.edu