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regiment (n.)

late 14c., "government, rule, authority, control," a sense now obsolete, from Old French regiment "government, rule" (14c.), from Late Latin regimentum "rule, direction," from Latin regere "to rule, to direct, keep straight, guide" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," with derivatives meaning "to direct in a straight line," thus "to lead, rule").

The military meaning "unit of an army" is recorded by 1570s, from a sense in French; the reference in the word originally was to permanent organization and discipline. The exact number of soldiers in a regiment has varied widely over time and place.

regiment (v.)

"to form into a regiment" with proper officers, hence "to organize, bring under a definite system of authority," 1610s, from regiment (n.). General sense of "organize systematically" is from 1690s. Related: Regimented; regimenting.

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Definitions of regiment from WordNet
1
regiment (v.)
subject to rigid discipline, order, and systematization;
regiment one's children
regiment (v.)
form (military personnel) into a regiment;
regiment (v.)
assign to a regiment;
regiment soldiers
2
regiment (n.)
army unit smaller than a division;
From wordnet.princeton.edu