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refinement (n.)

1610s, "act or process of refining; state of being pure or purified," from refine + -ment. Meaning "fineness of feeling, state of being free from what is coarse or debasing" is from 1710; that of "that which proceeds from refinement or the desire to be refined, an improvement of language, taste, etc., or an alteration in them for the better" is from 1670s (Dryden). Related: Refinements.

Refinement is properly most negative, representing a freeing from what is gross, coarse, rude, and the like, or a bringing of one out of a similar condition in which he is supposed to have been at the start. Cultivation and culture represent the person or the better part of him as made to grow by long-continued and thorough work. [Century Dictionary, 1900]

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Definitions of refinement from WordNet

refinement (n.)
a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad;
I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose
Synonyms: polish / culture / cultivation / finish
refinement (n.)
the result of improving something;
he described a refinement of this technique
Synonyms: elaboration
refinement (n.)
the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.);
Synonyms: refining / purification
refinement (n.)
a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude;
Synonyms: nuance / nicety / shade / subtlety
refinement (n.)
the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste;
a man of intellectual refinement
From wordnet.princeton.edu