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reduplication (n.)

early 15c., "a turn back, a bend," a sense now obsolete; 1580s, "act of redoubling or repeating; state of being reduplicated," from French réduplication (16c.) and directly from Medieval Latin reduplicationem (nominative reduplicatio), noun of action from past-participle stem of reduplicare "to redouble," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + Latin duplicare "to double" (see duplicate (adj.)).

From 1640s as "act of reduplicating, doubling, or repeating;" specifically in philology, "repetition of a syllable or part of a syllable," by 1774.

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Definitions of reduplication from WordNet

reduplication (n.)
repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next;
Synonyms: anadiplosis
reduplication (n.)
the syllable added in a reduplicated word form;
reduplication (n.)
a word formed by or containing a repeated syllable or speech sound (usually at the beginning of the word);
reduplication (n.)
the act of repeating over and again (or an instance thereof);
Synonyms: reiteration
From wordnet.princeton.edu