Etymology
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redcoat (n.)

also red-coat, "British soldier," 1510s, from red (adj.1) + coat (n.). In Britain, especially of Cromwellian troops in the English Civil War; in the U.S., of British soldiers in the American Revolution. Blackcoat (1620s) was an old disparaging term for a clergyman.

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Definitions of redcoat

redcoat (n.)
British soldier; so-called because of his red coat (especially during the American Revolution);
Synonyms: lobsterback
From wordnet.princeton.edu