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recuse (v.)

late 14c., recusen, "to decline, refuse," especially "reject another's authority or jurisdiction over oneself as prejudiced," from Old French recuser (13c.) and directly from Latin recusare "make an objection against; decline, refuse, reject; be reluctant to," from re- (see re-) + causa (see cause (n.)). Specifically, in law, "reject or challenge (a judge or juror) as disqualified to act." The word now is used mostly reflectively. Related: Recused; recusing; recisative.

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Definitions of recuse from WordNet

recuse (v.)
disqualify oneself (as a judge) in a particular case;
recuse (v.)
challenge or except to a judge as being incompetent or interested, in canon and civil law;
From wordnet.princeton.edu