Etymology
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recursion (n.)

"return, backward movement," 1610s, from Latin recursionem (nominative recursio) "a running backward, return," noun of action from past-participle stem of recurrere "run back" (see recur).

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Definitions of recursion

recursion (n.)
(mathematics) an expression such that each term is generated by repeating a particular mathematical operation;
From wordnet.princeton.edu