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recovery (n.)

mid-14c., "a return to health after illness, injury, misfortune, etc.," from Anglo-French recoverie (c. 1300), Old French recovree "remedy, cure, recovery," from past-participle stem of recovrer (see recover).

The meaning "a gaining possession (of property) by legal action" is from early 15c. The general (non-legal) sense of "act or power of regaining or retaking" (something lost or taken away) is by 1530s. That of "act of righting oneself after a blunder, mishap, etc." is from 1520s. The meaning "restoration from a bad to a good condition" is from 1580s.

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Definitions of recovery from WordNet

recovery (n.)
return to an original state;
the recovery of the forest after the fire was surprisingly rapid
recovery (n.)
gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury;
recovery (n.)
the act of regaining or saving something lost (or in danger of becoming lost);
Synonyms: retrieval
From wordnet.princeton.edu