record (v.)

c. 1200, recorden, "to repeat, reiterate, recite; rehearse, get by heart" (senses now obsolete), from Old French recorder "tell, relate, repeat, recite, report, make known" (12c.) and directly from Latin recordari "remember, call to mind, think over, be mindful of," from re-, here probably with a sense of "restore" (see re-), + cor (genitive cordis) "heart" (the metaphoric seat of memory, as in learn by heart), from PIE root *kerd- "heart."

The meaning "set down in writing, preserve the memory of by written or other characters, write down for the purpose of preserving evidence of" is by mid-14c. The sense of "put sound (later pictures, etc.) on disks, cylinders, tape, etc." is from 1892. Related: Recorded; recording.

record (n.)

c. 1300, "testimony committed to writing, fact or condition of having been recorded," from Old French record "memory; statement, report," from recorder "to record" (see record (v.)). Also in part from Medieval Latin noun recordum, recorda. Related: Records.

The meaning "a written account of some fact, event, or proceeding for the purpose of preserving the memory of it" is from late 14c., as is the sense of "official document of a government department or municipal office." Hence the meaning "fact or condition of being preserved as knowledge, especially by being put into writing" (late 14c.).

The meaning "disk on which sounds or images have been recorded" is attested from 1878, originally also of Edison's wax cylinders, later extended somewhat to other forms of sound storage. Record-player is attested from 1919; record-album " audio recordings issued as a collection" is by 1936. Earlier it was "an album in which to store Edison cylinders." "The man who owns Blue Amberol Records only, ought to have albums in which to keep them instead of scattering them around or keeping them in old boxes, etc., under the piano or the sofa." [advertisement, Edison Phonograph Monthly, July 1913]. Record-store is attested by 1933; record-shop from 1929.

The meaning "best or highest official achievement in a sport, activity, etc." is by 1883; the verb to go with it might be break (1924) or beat (1884). The sense of "aggregate of known facts in a person's life" is by 1856, American English.

The journalist's phrase on the record is attested from 1900; adverbial phrase off the record "confidentially" is attested from 1906. For the record "for the sake of having the facts known" is by 1930 in congressional testimony. To keep (or set) the record straight is by 1949. The legal phrase matter of record was in Middle English as "matter that has been formally recorded or documented" and "legal issue that can be resolved by existing record."

Definitions of record
record (n.)
anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events;
the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques
record (n.)
sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove;
Synonyms: phonograph record / phonograph recording / disk / disc / platter
record (n.)
the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had;
at 9-0 they have the best record in their league
record (n.)
the sum of recognized accomplishments;
the lawyer has a good record
the track record shows that he will be a good president
Synonyms: track record
record (n.)
a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone;
Al Smith used to say, `Let's look at the record'
his name is in all the record books
Synonyms: record book / book
record (n.)
an extreme attainment; the best (or worst) performance ever attested (as in a sport);
coffee production last year broke all previous records
Chicago set the homicide record
he tied the Olympic record
record (n.)
a document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction;
they could find no record of the purchase
record (n.)
a list of crimes for which an accused person has been previously convicted;
he ruled that the criminal record of the defendant could not be disclosed to the court
the prostitute had a record a mile long
Synonyms: criminal record
record (v.)
make a record of; set down in permanent form;
Synonyms: enter / put down
record (v.)
register electronically;
They recorded her singing
Synonyms: tape
record (v.)
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments;
Synonyms: read / register / show
record (v.)
be aware of;
Synonyms: register