record (v.)

c. 1200, "to repeat, reiterate, recite; rehearse, get by heart," from Old French recorder "tell, relate, repeat, recite, report, make known" (12c.) and directly from Latin recordari "remember, call to mind, think over, be mindful of," from re- "restore" (see re-) + cor (genitive cordis) "heart" (as the metaphoric seat of memory, as in learn by heart), from PIE root *kerd- "heart." Meaning "set down in writing" first attested mid-14c.; that of "put sound or pictures on disks, tape, etc." is from 1892. Related: Recorded; recording.

record (n.)

c. 1300, "testimony committed to writing," from Old French record "memory, statement, report," from recorder "to record" (see record (v.)). Meaning "written account of some event" is from late 14c. Meaning "disk on which sounds or images have been recorded" is first attested 1878. That of "best or highest recorded achievement in sports, etc." is from 1883. Phrase on the record is from 1900; adverbial phrase off the record "confidentially" is attested from 1906. Record-player attested from 1919.

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Definitions of record from WordNet
record (n.)
anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events;
the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques
record (n.)
sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove;
Synonyms: phonograph record / phonograph recording / disk / disc / platter
record (n.)
the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had;
at 9-0 they have the best record in their league
record (n.)
the sum of recognized accomplishments;
the lawyer has a good record
the track record shows that he will be a good president
Synonyms: track record
record (n.)
a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone;
Al Smith used to say, `Let's look at the record'
his name is in all the record books
Synonyms: record book / book
record (n.)
an extreme attainment; the best (or worst) performance ever attested (as in a sport);
coffee production last year broke all previous records
Chicago set the homicide record
he tied the Olympic record
record (n.)
a document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction;
they could find no record of the purchase
record (n.)
a list of crimes for which an accused person has been previously convicted;
he ruled that the criminal record of the defendant could not be disclosed to the court
the prostitute had a record a mile long
Synonyms: criminal record
record (v.)
make a record of; set down in permanent form;
Synonyms: enter / put down
record (v.)
register electronically;
They recorded her singing
Synonyms: tape
record (v.)
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments;
Synonyms: read / register / show
record (v.)
be aware of;
Synonyms: register