Etymology
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reconstruction (n.)

1791, "action or process of reconstructing," noun of action to go with reconstruct. In U.S. history, usually with a capital R-, it has been used from 1865 in reference to the process (lasting until about 1870) by which the states which had seceded were restored to the rights and privileges of the Union. It had been used in the U.S. during the American Civil War in reference to the anticipated reconstitution of the Union. Hence, for a time, in American English, reconstructed "altered by Reconstruction" (1865).

updated on May 21, 2021

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Definitions of reconstruction from WordNet
1
reconstruction (n.)
the activity of constructing something again;
reconstruction (n.)
an interpretation formed by piecing together bits of evidence;
reconstruction (n.)
recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall;
Synonyms: reconstructive memory
2
Reconstruction (n.)
the period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union; 1865-1877;
Synonyms: Reconstruction Period
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.