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recognize (v.)

early 15c., recognisen, "resume possession of land," a back-formation from recognizance, or else from Old French reconoiss-, present-participle stem of reconoistre "to know again, identify, recognize," from Latin recognoscere "acknowledge, recall to mind, know again; examine; certify," from re- "again" (see re-) + cognoscere "to get to know, recognize" (see cognizance).

With ending assimilated to verbs in -ise, -ize. The meaning "know (the object) again, recall or recover the knowledge of, perceive an identity with something formerly known or felt" is recorded from 1530s. Related: Recognized; recognizing.

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Definitions of recognize from WordNet

recognize (v.)
accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority;
We do not recognize your gods
Synonyms: acknowledge / recognise / know
recognize (v.)
be fully aware or cognizant of;
Synonyms: recognise / realize / realise / agnize / agnise
recognize (v.)
detect with the senses;
Synonyms: spot / recognise / distinguish / discern / pick out / make out / tell apart
recognize (v.)
perceive to be the same;
Synonyms: recognise
recognize (v.)
grant credentials to;
recognize an academic degree
The Regents officially recognized the new educational institution
Synonyms: accredit / recognise
recognize (v.)
express greetings upon meeting someone;
Synonyms: greet / recognise
recognize (v.)
express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for;
Synonyms: acknowledge / recognise
recognize (v.)
exhibit recognition for (an antigen or a substrate);
recognize (v.)
show approval or appreciation of;
The best student was recognized by the Dean
My work is not recognized by anybody!
Synonyms: recognise
From wordnet.princeton.edu