recognition (n.)

mid-15c., recognicion, "knowledge (of an event or incident); understanding," from Old French recognition (15c.) and directly from Latin recognitionem (nominative recognitio) "a reviewing, investigation, examination," noun of action from past-participle stem of recognoscere "to acknowledge, know again; examine" (see recognize).

Sense of "acknowledgment of a service or kindness done" is from 1560s. Sense of "formal avowal of knowledge and approval" (as between governments or sovereigns) is from 1590s; especially acknowledgement of the independence of a country by a state formerly exercising sovereignty (1824). The meaning "a knowing again, consciousness that a given object is identical with an object previously recognized" is by 1798 (Wordsworth). The literary (especially stage) recognition scene "scene in which a principal character suddenly learns or realizes the true identity of another character" is by 1837 (in a translation from German).

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Definitions of recognition from WordNet

recognition (n.)
the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged;
the partners were delighted with the recognition of their work
she seems to avoid much in the way of recognition or acknowledgement of feminist work prior to her own
recognition (n.)
the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering;
a politician whose recall of names was as remarkable as his recognition of faces
experimental psychologists measure the elapsed time from the onset of the stimulus to its recognition by the observer
Synonyms: identification
recognition (n.)
give her recognition for trying
Synonyms: credit
recognition (n.)
coming to understand something clearly and distinctly;
increasing recognition that diabetes frequently coexists with other chronic diseases
a sudden recognition of the problem he faced
Synonyms: realization / realisation
recognition (n.)
(biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape;
molecular recognition drives all of biology, for instance, hormone and receptor or antibody-antigen interactions or the organization of molecules into larger biologically active entities
recognition (n.)
the explicit and formal acknowledgement of a government or of the national independence of a country;
territorial disputes were resolved in Guatemala's recognition of Belize in 1991
recognition (n.)
an acceptance (as of a claim) as true and valid;
the recognition of the Rio Grande as a boundary between Mexico and the United States
recognition (n.)
designation by the chair granting a person the right to speak in a deliberative body;
he was unable to make his motion because he couldn't get recognition by the chairman