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receive (v.)

c. 1300, receiven, "take into one's possession, accept possession of," also in reference to the sacrament, from Old North French receivre (Old French recoivre) "seize, take hold of, pick up; welcome, accept," from Latin recipere "regain, take back, bring back, carry back, recover; take to oneself, take in, admit," from re- "back," though the exact sense here is obscure (see re-) + -cipere, combining form of capere "to take" (from PIE root *kap- "to grasp").

From c. 1300 as "welcome (in a specified manner)." From early 14c. as "catch in the manner of a receptacle." From mid-14c. as "obtain as one's reward." From late 14c. as "accept as authoritative or true;" also late 14c. as "have a blow or wound inflicted." Radio and (later) television sense is attested from 1908. Related: Received; receiving. Receiving line is by 1933.

Other obsolete English verbs from the same Latin word in different forms included recept "to receive, take in" (early 15c., recepten, from Old French recepter, variant of receter and Latin receptus). Also compare receipt, which also had a verb form in Middle English, receiten.

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Definitions of receive from WordNet

receive (v.)
get something; come into possession of;
receive payment
receive a gift
receive letters from the front
Synonyms: have
receive (v.)
receive a specified treatment (abstract);
These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation
His movie received a good review
Synonyms: get / find / obtain / incur
receive (v.)
register (perceptual input);
Synonyms: pick up
receive (v.)
go through (mental or physical states or experiences);
receive injuries
Synonyms: experience / have / get
receive (v.)
express willingness to have in one's home or environs;
The community warmly received the refugees
Synonyms: take in / invite
receive (v.)
accept as true or valid;
He received Christ
receive (v.)
bid welcome to; greet upon arrival;
Synonyms: welcome
receive (v.)
convert into sounds or pictures;
receive the incoming radio signals
receive (v.)
experience as a reaction;
Synonyms: meet / encounter
receive (v.)
have or give a reception;
receive (v.)
receive as a retribution or punishment;
Synonyms: get
receive (v.)
partake of the Holy Eucharist sacrament;
receive (v.)
regard favorably or with disapproval;
Her new collection of poems was not well received
From wordnet.princeton.edu