Etymology
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recapitulation (n.)

late 14c., recapitulacioun, "a short summary; process or act of summarizing," from Old French recapitulacion (13c.) and directly from Late Latin recapitulationem (nominative recapitulatio), noun of action from past-participle stem of recapitulare "go over the main points of a thing again," literally "restate by heads or chapters."

This is from re- "again" (see re-) + capitulum "main part," literally "little head," diminutive of caput "head," also "leader, guide, chief person; summit; capital city; origin, source, spring," figuratively "life, physical life;" in writing "a division, paragraph;" of money, "the principal sum" (from PIE root *kaput- "head").

The Latin word is technically, a loan-translation of Greek anakephalaiōsis. In biology, in reference to evolutionary stages and the growth of the individual young animal, by 1875. Music sense is by 1879. Related: Recapitulative; recapitulatory.

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Definitions of recapitulation

recapitulation (n.)
emergence during embryonic development of various characters or structures that appeared during the evolutionary history of the strain or species;
Synonyms: palingenesis
recapitulation (n.)
(music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated;
recapitulation (n.)
(music) the repetition of themes introduced earlier (especially when one is composing the final part of a movement);
recapitulation (n.)
a summary at the end that repeats the substance of a longer discussion;
Synonyms: recap / review
From wordnet.princeton.edu

Dictionary entries near recapitulation

recall

recant

recantation

recap

recapitulate

recapitulation

recaption

recapture

recarry

recast

recce