raw (adj.)

Middle English raue, from Old English hreaw, hreow "uncooked," from Proto-Germanic *khrawaz (source also of Old Norse hrar, Danish raa, Old Saxon hra, Middle Dutch rau, Dutch rauw, Old High German hrawer, German roh), from PIE root *kreue- "raw flesh."

Of skin, "tender, sore, abraded," from late 14c.; of persons, "crude or rude from want of experience, unskilled, youthfully ignorant," from c. 1500; of weather, "damp and sharply chilly" recorded from 1540s. Also used in Middle English of unspun silk, unfulled cloth, untanned hides, etc. Related: Rawly; rawness.

Raw material "unmanufactured material, material for fabrication in its natural state" is from 1796; the notion is of "in a rudimentary condition, in the state of natural growth or formation." Of data, measurements, etc., "not yet processed or adjusted," 1904. In names of colors or pigments, "crude, not brought to perfect finish" (1886). Phrase in the raw "naked" (1921) is from the raw "exposed flesh," which is attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" is attested by 1893. Raw bar "bar selling raw oysters" is by 1943.

updated on May 03, 2021

Definitions of raw from WordNet
raw (adj.)
used of wood and furniture;
raw wood
Synonyms: unsanded
raw (adj.)
brutally unfair or harsh;
received raw treatment from his friends
a raw deal
raw (adj.)
(used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes;
raw wool
raw sugar
Synonyms: natural / rude
raw (adj.)
having the surface exposed and painful;
a raw wound
raw (adj.)
not treated with heat to prepare it for eating;
raw (adj.)
not processed or refined;
raw sewage
raw (adj.)
devoid of elaboration or diminution or concealment; bare and pure;
you may kill someone someday with your raw power
raw fury
Synonyms: naked
raw (adj.)
not processed or subjected to analysis;
the raw cost of production
raw data
Synonyms: crude
raw (adj.)
untempered and unrefined;
raw talent
raw beauty
raw (adj.)
Synonyms: sensitive / sore / tender
raw (adj.)
unpleasantly cold and damp;
Synonyms: bleak / cutting
raw (adj.)
lacking training or experience;
raw recruits
Synonyms: new
raw (adj.)
(used informally) completely unclothed;
Synonyms: bare-assed / bare-ass / in the altogether / in the buff / in the raw / peeled / naked as a jaybird / stark naked
raw (n.)
informal terms for nakedness;
in the raw
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.