Etymology
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rasp (v.)

mid-13c., raspen, "to scrape, abrade by rubbing with a coarsely rough instrument or something like one," from Middle Dutch raspen and from Old French rasper (Modern French râper) "to grate, rasp," which is ultimately from a West Germanic source (compare Old English gehrespan, Old High German hrespan "to rake together") for which see raffle (n.). The vocalic sense is from 1843. Related: Rasped; rasping.

rasp (n.)

"coarse, toothed file," 1540s, from French raspe (Modern French râpe), from Old French rasper "to rasp" (see rasp (v.)).

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Definitions of rasp
1
rasp (v.)
scrape with a rasp;
rasp (v.)
utter in a grating voice;
2
rasp (n.)
uttering in an irritated tone;
Synonyms: rasping
rasp (n.)
a coarse file with sharp pointed projections;
Synonyms: wood file
From wordnet.princeton.edu