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ransom (n.)

c. 1200, "sum paid for the release of a prisoner or captured man," from Old French ranson (Modern French rançon), earlier raenson "ransom, redemption," from Latin redemptionem (nominative redemptio) "a redeeming," from redimere "to redeem, buy back," from red- "back" (see re-) + emere "to take, buy, gain, procure" (from PIE root *em- "to take, distribute"). 

ransom

early 14c., from ransom (n.). Related: Ransomed; ransoming.

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Definitions of ransom from WordNet
1
ransom (n.)
money demanded for the return of a captured person;
Synonyms: ransom money
ransom (n.)
payment for the release of someone;
ransom (n.)
the act of freeing from captivity or punishment;
2
ransom (v.)
exchange or buy back for money; under threat;
Synonyms: redeem
From wordnet.princeton.edu