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range (n.)

c. 1200, renge, "row or line of persons" (especially hunters or soldiers), from Old French reng, renge "a row, line, rank," from Frankish *hring or some other Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz "circle, ring, something curved" (from nasalized form of PIE root *sker- (2) "to turn, bend"). In some cases the Middle English word is from Old French range "range, rank," a variant of reng

The general sense of "line, row" is attested from early 14c.; the meaning "row of mountains" is by 1705. The meaning "scope, extent" is by late 15c.; that of "area over which animals seek food" is from 1620s, from the verb. Specific U.S. sense of "series of townships six miles in width" is from 1785. Sense of "distance a gun can send a bullet" is recorded from 1590s; meaning "place used for shooting practice" is from 1862. The cooking appliance has been so called since mid-15c., for reasons unknown. Originally it was a stove built into a fireplace with openings on top for multiple operations. Range-finder "instrument for measuring the distance of an object" is attested from 1872.

range (v.)

c. 1200, rengen, "to move over or through (a large area), roam with the purpose of searching or hunting," from Old French ranger, rangier, earlier rengier "to place in a row, arrange; get into line," from reng "row, line," from Frankish *hring or some other Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *hringaz "circle, ring, something curved" (from nasalized form of PIE root *sker- (2) "to turn, bend"). Compare arrange. Sense of "to arrange in rows, make a row or rows of" is recorded from c. 1300; intransitive sense of "exist in a row or rows" is from c. 1600. Related: Ranged; ranging.

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Definitions of range from WordNet
1
range (n.)
an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet";
a piano has a greater range than the human voice
Synonyms: scope / reach / orbit / compass / ambit
range (n.)
the limits within which something can be effective;
range of motion
Synonyms: reach
range (n.)
a large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can graze;
he dreamed of a home on the range
they used to drive the cattle across the open range every spring
range (n.)
a series of hills or mountains;
the plains lay just beyond the mountain range
the valley was between two ranges of hills
Synonyms: mountain range / range of mountains / chain / mountain chain / chain of mountains
range (n.)
a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds;
the army maintains a missile range in the desert
any good golf club will have a range where you can practice
range (n.)
a variety of different things or activities;
he was impressed by the range and diversity of the collection
he answered a range of questions
range (n.)
(mathematics) the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is defined;
Synonyms: image / range of a function
range (n.)
the limit of capability;
Synonyms: compass / reach / grasp
range (n.)
a kitchen appliance used for cooking food;
Synonyms: stove / kitchen stove / kitchen range / cooking stove
2
range (v.)
change or be different within limits;
Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion
My students range from very bright to dull
The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals
Synonyms: run
range (v.)
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;
Synonyms: roll / wander / swan / stray / tramp / roam / cast / ramble / rove / drift / vagabond
range (v.)
have a range; be capable of projecting over a certain distance, as of a gun;
This gun ranges over two miles
range (v.)
range or extend over; occupy a certain area;
Synonyms: straddle
range (v.)
lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line;
Synonyms: array / lay out / set out
range (v.)
feed as in a meadow or pasture;
Synonyms: crop / browse / graze / pasture
range (v.)
let eat;
range the animals in the prairie
range (v.)
assign a rank or rating to;
Synonyms: rate / rank / order / grade / place
From wordnet.princeton.edu