quarry (n.1)

"what is hunted," early 14c., quirre "entrails of deer placed on the hide and given to dogs of the chase as a reward," from Anglo-French quirreie, Old French cuiriee "the spoil, quarry" (Modern French curée), altered (by influence of Old French cuir "skin," from Latin corium "hide"), from Old French corée "viscera, entrails," from Vulgar Latin *corata "entrails," from Latin cor "heart," from PIE root *kerd- "heart." Sense of "anything chased in hunt" is first recorded 1610s; earlier "bird targeted by a hawk or other raptor" (late 15c.).

quarry (n.2)

"open place where rocks are excavated," c. 1400 (mid-13c. as a place name), from Medieval Latin quareia, a dissimilation of quarreria (mid-13c.), literally "place where stones are squared," from Latin quadrare "to make square," related to quadrus "a square," quattuor "four" (from PIE root *kwetwer- "four").

quarry (v.)

1774, from quarry (n.2). Related: Quarried; quarrying.

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Definitions of quarry from WordNet
quarry (n.)
a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence;
Synonyms: prey / target / fair game
quarry (n.)
a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate;
a British term for `quarry' is `stone pit'
Synonyms: pit / stone pit
quarry (n.)
animal hunted or caught for food;
Synonyms: prey
quarry (v.)
extract (something such as stones) from or as if from a quarry;
quarry marble