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qualify (v.)

mid-15c., qualifien, transitive, "to invest with (a quality), impart a certain quality to," from French qualifier (15c.) and directly from Medieval Latin qualificare "attribute a quality to; make of a certain quality," from Latin qualis "of what sort?," correlative pronominal adjective (see quality) + combining form of facere "to make" (from PIE root *dhe- "to set, put").

Meaning "to limit, modify by a limitation or reservation, restrict" is from 1530s, as is the sense of "to have or have taken the necessary steps for rendering oneself capable of holding an office, etc." The sense of "to be or become fit for an employment, office, etc." is by 1580s. Related: Qualified; qualifying.

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Definitions of qualify from WordNet

qualify (v.)
prove capable or fit; meet requirements;
Synonyms: measure up
qualify (v.)
pronounce fit or able;
They nurses were qualified to administer the injections
She was qualified to run the marathon
qualify (v.)
make more specific;
qualify these remarks
qualify (v.)
make fit or prepared;
Synonyms: dispose
qualify (v.)
describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of;
qualify (v.)
add a modifier to a constituent;
Synonyms: modify
From wordnet.princeton.edu