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qualified (adj.)

1580s, "fitted by accomplishments or endowments;" 1590s, "affected by some degree of restriction or modification;" past-participle adjective from qualify (v.). By 1886 and into mid-20c. as a British English euphemism for bloody or damned.

To be competent is to have the natural abilities or the general training necessary for any given work ; to be qualified is to have, in addition to competency, a special training, enabling one to begin the work effectively and at once. He who is competent may or may not require time to becomequalified; he who is not competent cannot become qualified, for it is not in him. [Century Dictionary]

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Definitions of qualified from WordNet

qualified (adj.)
meeting the proper standards and requirements and training for an office or position or task;
many qualified applicants for the job
qualified (adj.)
limited or restricted; not absolute;
gave only qualified approval
qualified (adj.)
holding appropriate documentation and officially on record as qualified to perform a specified function or practice a specified skill;
Synonyms: certified
qualified (adj.)
restricted in meaning; (as e.g. `man' in `a tall man');
Synonyms: restricted
qualified (adj.)
contingent on something else;
Synonyms: dependent / dependant
From wordnet.princeton.edu