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put (v.)

Middle English putten, from late Old English *putian, "to thrust, push, shove" (someone or something; a sense now obsolete), also "to move or a thing physically so as to place it in some situation," implied in putung "instigation, an urging," literally "a putting;" related to pytan "put out, thrust out" (of eyes), probably from a Germanic stem that also produced Danish putte "to put," Swedish dialectal putta; Middle Dutch pote "scion, plant," Dutch poten "to plant," Old Norse pota "to poke."

Obsolete past tense form putted is attested 14c.-15c. From c. 1300 as "to hurl, cast, propel," especially "to throw with an upward and forward motion of the arm" (Will. Putstan is attested as a name from 1296). From mid-14c. in the figurative sense of "bring (someone) into some specified state or condition;" late 14c. as "subject (someone to something)," as in put to death, c. 1400; put to shame, mid-15c. From mid-14c. as "make a declaration, express in speech or writing," hence "express or state (in a particular way)," 1690s, also "propose or place before someone for consideration."

To put (something) back is from 1530s as "to hinder, delay;" 1816 as "restore to the original place or position." To put (something) down "end by force or authority" (a rebellion, etc.) is from mid-14c. To put upon (someone) "play a trick on, impose on" is from 1690s. To put up with "tolerate, accept, bear or suffer without protest or resentment" (1755) is perhaps from put up "to take up" (one's lodgings, etc.), 1727. To put (someone) up in the transitive sense of "lodge and entertain" is by 1766. To put (someone) on "deceive" is from 1958. To put upon (someone) "play a trick on, deceive, impose on" is from 1690s.

put (n.)

c. 1300, "act of throwing a stone or other heavy weight overhand as a test of strength," from put (v.). General meaning "act of putting" is from early 15c. Also compare putt (n.).

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Definitions of put from WordNet
1
put (v.)
put into a certain place or abstract location;
Synonyms: set / place / pose / position / lay
put (v.)
cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation;
That song put me in awful good humor
put your ideas in writing
put (v.)
formulate in a particular style or language;
I wouldn't put it that way
Synonyms: frame / redact / cast / couch
put (v.)
attribute or give;
He put all his efforts into this job
She put too much emphasis on her the last statement
The teacher put an interesting twist to the interpretation of the story
Synonyms: assign
put (v.)
make an investment;
Synonyms: invest / commit / place
put (v.)
estimate;
We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M.
Synonyms: place / set
put (v.)
cause (someone) to undergo something;
He put her to the torture
put (v.)
adapt;
put these words to music
put (v.)
arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events;
I put these memories with those of bygone times
Synonyms: arrange / set up / order
2
put (n.)
the option to sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date;
Synonyms: put option
From wordnet.princeton.edu