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provocation (n.)

c. 1400, provocacioun, "incitement, urging," from Old French provocacion (12c.) and directly from Latin provocationem (nominative provocatio) "a calling forth, a summoning, a challenge," noun of action from past-participle stem of provocare "to call out" (see provoke). Specifically "act of exciting anger or vexation" (early 15c.); the meaning "anything that excites anger, a cause of resentment" is by 1716.

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Definitions of provocation from WordNet

provocation (n.)
unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment;
Synonyms: aggravation / irritation
provocation (n.)
something that incites or provokes; a means of arousing or stirring to action;
Synonyms: incitement / incitation
provocation (n.)
needed encouragement;
the result was a provocation of vigorous investigation
Synonyms: incitement
From wordnet.princeton.edu