prosthesis (n.)

1550s, "addition of a letter or syllable to a word," from Late Latin, from Greek prosthesis "addition," from prostithenai "add to," from pros "to" (from PIE root *per- (1) "forward," hence "in front of, toward, near") + tithenai "to put, to place," from reduplicated form of PIE root *dhe- "to set, put." Meaning "artificial body part" is first recorded c. 1900, from earlier use to describe the medical art of making artificial limbs (1706), on notion of "that which is added to" the injured body.