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project (n.)

c. 1400, projecte, "a plan, draft, scheme, design," from Medieval Latin proiectum "something thrown forth," noun use of neuter of Latin proiectus, past participle of proicere "stretch out, thrust out, throw forth," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + combining form of iacere (past participle iactus) "to throw" (from PIE root *ye- "to throw, impel").

Meaning "scheme, proposal, mental plan" is from c. 1600. Meaning "group of government-subsidized low-rent apartment buildings" is recorded from 1935, American English, short for housing project (1932). Related: Projects. Project manager is attested from 1913.

project (v.)

late 15c. (Caxton), "to plan, to scheme," from Late Latin projectare "to thrust forward," from Latin  proiectus, past participle of proicere "stretch out, throw forth; hold in front; fling away; drive out," from pro- "forward" (from PIE root *per- (1) "forward") + combining form of iacere (past participle iactus) "to throw" (from PIE root *ye- "to throw, impel"). The notion is to "cast forward in the mind."

Meaning "to throw out or forward" physically is from 1590s. Intransitive sense of "to stick out, protrude beyond the adjacent parts, extend beyond something" is from 1718 (also an architectural sense in the Latin verb). Meaning "to cast an image on a screen" is recorded from 1865. Psychoanalytical sense, "attribute to another (unconsciously)" is from 1895 (implied in a use of projective), probably a figurative use from the meaning "throw the mind into the objective world" (1850). Meaning "convey to others by one's manner" is recorded by 1955. Related: Projected; projecting.

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Definitions of project from WordNet
1
project (v.)
communicate vividly;
He projected his feelings
project (v.)
extend out or project in space;
Synonyms: stick out / protrude / jut out / jut
project (v.)
transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another;
project (v.)
project on a screen;
The images are projected onto the screen
project (v.)
cause to be heard;
His voice projects well
project (v.)
draw a projection of;
project (v.)
make or work out a plan for; devise;
Synonyms: plan / contrive / design
project (v.)
present for consideration, examination, criticism, etc.;
The candidate projects himself as a moderate and a reformer
Synonyms: propose
project (v.)
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;
project (v.)
put or send forth;
Synonyms: cast / contrive / throw
project (v.)
throw, send, or cast forward;
project a missile
Synonyms: send off
project (v.)
regard as objective;
Synonyms: externalize / externalise
2
project (n.)
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted;
Synonyms: undertaking / task / labor
project (n.)
a planned undertaking;
Synonyms: projection
From wordnet.princeton.edu