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procumbent (adj.)

1660s, in biology, "unable to support itself, lying on the ground without putting forth roots," from Latin procumbentem (nominative procumbens), present participle of procumbere "to fall forward, fall prostrate," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + -cumbere "take a reclining position," related to cubare "lie down" (see cubicle). The meaning "leaning forward, lying on the face" is from 1721. Related: Procumbently.

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Definitions of procumbent from WordNet

procumbent (adj.)
having stems that trail along the ground without putting down roots;
From wordnet.princeton.edu